READING (PAGES 44-45)
1 The key to survival is to slow down and divide the challenges into small tasks, one goal at a time, one decision at a time.
2 When faced with an emergency 80% of people freeze, 10% lose control, and 10% keep calm.
3 The other important factor is knowing the right thing to do in a crisis.
2 stunned 5 rational 8 manageable tasks 3 challenge 6 overcome 4 bewildered
7 keep calm
PRONUNCIATION (PAGE 45)
1 desperate 6 delighted 2 offended 7 devastated 3 disappointed 8 horrified
4 bewildered 9 overwhelmed 5 astonished
READING (PAGES 46-47)
1 to go into the rainforest for seven days and visit an undiscovered Indian village, then raft (= travel on a small boat usually made of wood) back down the river. After seven days they still hadn’t found the village and there were tensions in the group, so they decided to turn around and go back to Apolo, their starting point.
2 a Karl (the guide) didn’t seem to know where the village was.
b Marcus was complaining about everything, especially his feet.
3 Because Kevin still wanted to raft, as they had originally planned, but didn’t want Marcus to come. He persuaded Yossi to join him.
LISTENING (PAGES 46-47)
1 They went faster and faster, and then hit a rock. Kevin swam to land, but Yossi was swept away.
2 He swam to the river bank and found their backpack with a lot of important and useful things in it, e.g. the map.
3 Kevin – desperate, responsible for what had happened to Yossi. Yossi – quite optimistic, sure he would find Kevin
4 Yossi woke up and found a jaguar looking at him, but he managed to scare it away (by setting fire to insect repellent with a cigarette lighter).
5 Because he was exhausted and starving. Then he found a footprint which he thought was Kevin’s, but eventually he realized it was his own. He had been walking around in a circle.
6 He had been looking for Yossi.
7 He decided to save himself.
8 He had floated down the river on a log and had been rescued by two Bolivian hunters, who hunted in that part of the rainforest once a year
9 He asked the Bolivian army to look for Yossi.
10 Because the plane had to fly too high and the forest was too dense. They couldn’t see anything.
11 He paid a local man to take him in his boat to look for Yossi.
12 For nearly three weeks. He was starving, exhausted, and slowly losing his mind.
13 He thought it was a bee, but in fact it was the engine of the boat Kevin was in.